A bloody toothbrush over a bloody sink from bleeding gums due to gum disease in Bellevue

Common Causes of Periodontal Disease

March 25, 2022 2:35 am
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Brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time and flossing every day won’t just leave you with fresh breath. These simple habits will also help prevent dental problems, like tooth decay and periodontal disease, from developing.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, results from infection and inflammation of the gums and bones that surround the teeth. Gum disease has several stages: gingivitis (which is mild inflammation and irritation) and various degrees of periodontitis (which involves infection).

Gingivitis is the only stage of gum disease for which the effects can be reversed with improved oral health habits.

Causes of Gum Disease

Buildup of harmful bacteria in a film called plaque and tartar are the main culprits for the development of periodontal disease. When bacteria stay on the teeth for an extended period, the buildup irritates the gums and causes them to pull back from the teeth. This allows the bacteria to spread below the gumline and damage other tissues supporting the teeth.

Risk Factors

  • Misaligned teeth
  • Smoking
  • Poor diet
  • Insufficient oral hygiene care
  • Uncontrolled diabetes

To help prevent excessive growth of bacteria and reduce your risk of gum disease we recommend you: keep up with your daily oral hygiene at home and routine cleanings and exams at Bellevue Dental Oasis; consume a balanced diet; avoid tobacco products; and drink plenty of water.

Warning Signs

If you experience any of the following, schedule a dental appointment so our team can take a look:

  • Red, swollen, and/or bleeding gums
  • Receding gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Persistent bad breath

Periodontal Care in Bellevue, WA

Treating gum disease as soon as possible will protect your smile from additional damage and improve your quality of life. Contact us to schedule an appointment with our team today so we can help improve your gum health!

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